- Born: 1588, Boston, Lincolnshire, England
- Marriage: Elizabeth Dalton on 17 Sep 1618 in Boston, Lincoln, England
- Died: 15 Apr 1667, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts at age 79
One of the original settlers of Massachussets Bay colony 1633
In his tavern was the first post office in America in 1639
A primary goal of The Winthrop Society is to determine the identities of the first settlers of Massachusetts Bay Commonwealth. There are no firmer grounds for establishing an early settler among the founders of the Commonwealth than the lists of the first Freemen - those who applied for that estate in Boston in October, 1630, and those so sworn thereafter. The Freemen were the only colonists who were franchised to vote, and the franchise was not offered to all. One generally had to be a mature male church-member, and must have experienced a transforming spiritual experience by God's grace, as attested by himself and confirmed by church leaders. Therefore, the list of names below represents just a small percentage of the population. And apparently, a number of qualifying church-members would not take the oath because they had problems with the wording. An oath in those times was taken very seriously, as though it were a promise made directly to the Almighty with ones soul forfeit in the breach. Numerous persons who are on church and court records of 1630-1632 did not take the oath until 1634, when the oath was shortened and modified to replace the persons of the Governor etc. to whom obedience was due with the impersonal "common weale." Others, such as those who later became Quakers, objected strongly to oaths in general. One can understand all their reservations when one reads this "mother of all American loyalty oaths," below.
Noted events in his life were:
• Occupation: Tavern owner.
Richard married Elizabeth Dalton, daughter of Johnes Daulton and Unknown, on 17 Sep 1618 in Boston, Lincoln, England. (Elizabeth Dalton was born on 16 Mar 1597 in Boston, Boston, Lincolnshire, England and died before 16 Apr 1667 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts.)